CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps <p>CenRaPS Journal of Social Science is open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world.</p> Center for Research & Policy Studies (CenRaPS) en-US CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences 2687-2226 Turkic Acculturation and the Emergence of Bengali Identity http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/72 <p>Bengal is the largest delta in the world. Because of the easy access to natural wealth, many people groups of different ethno-religious backgrounds migrated into Bengal from prehistoric times. Following the conquest of Bengal by the Khalaj descended Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji, the Central and West Asian traditions greatly influenced the Delta throughout about 600 years. Although there were migrations of many other groups, primarily the predominance of Turkic traditions encouraged waves of Turk-Bengali acculturations which helped emerge and mature the Bengali identity in the Delta. Later, there were trends of false narration, propaganda history and attempts of deculturation throughout 190 year-long colonial rule. Yet, the signs of this harmonious and mutual acculturation still survive in archaeological and historical sources of the region. Citing some of them, this study aims to present a glimpse of the process of welfare and Turk-Bengal acculturation in the Bengal Delta.</p> Mohammad Mahmudul Hasan Khan Ahsan Habib Abu B. Siddiq Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 1 17 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.72 An Evaluation of The Translations of The Holy Qur'an in Bengali in the Bangladesh Period http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/76 <p>The creator of the whole universe revealed the holy Qur'an to all humanity. This message concerns not only the owners of the language from which it descends, but all humanity. So, it is necessary to translate this message into those languages for people from different cultures to understand. However, whether the Qur'an will be translated into other languages has been discussed throughout history, and positive and negative opinions about the issue continue. As a Muslim-dominated country, Bangladesh has been working on the translation of the Qur'an since the 18th century. This article discussed the translations of the Qur'an into Bengali in the Bangladesh period, worked to understand and explain the Qur'an and reflects the effect of the Qur'an on social life.</p> Mizanur Rahman Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 18 39 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.76 Response to Covid-19 and Political Space at the Local Level http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/69 <p>Considering the widespread concern on political participation and voting rights in Bangladesh, many think the local organizations, civil societies, and NGOs cannot contribute expectedly in favor of mass peoples' needs for over a decade. On the other hand, many explain political context as state policies, elections, political systems, and government perspectives. Given these contexts, we are using the term political space in this article as an analytical method to explore the role of civil societies and local level organizations and institutions in responding to problems that arise due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Using the ethnographic methodology, we have provided empirical data supporting the dynamics of locally-led initiatives to respond coronavirus epidemic. The study explores the political space that institutional and informal civil society can create locally and play a role in the welfare of its citizens even when a country or a society is subject to strict control over certain political conventions and activities.</p> Abul Hossain Ahsan Habib Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 40 55 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.69 Turkey-Bangladesh Relations from a Historical Perspective: The Contribution of Siraj and Nazrul to The Turkish War of Independence http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/75 <p>Turkey and Bangladesh are two Muslim countries who have shared a long history of friendship. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the contribution of two famous Bangladeshi poets Ismail Hossain Siraj and Kazi Nazrul Islam during the Turkish War of Independence. By content analysis of works of Siraji and Nazrul and evaluating rare documents from Turkish archives, we have highlighted in this study the contributions of these two poets of Bangladesh during the Turkish War of Independence. The study found that Ismail Hossain Siraj played an important role as the only member of the medical delegation of Indian Muslims sent to the Balkan Wars. He sent news from the battlefield to the newspapers of Bangladesh. Later, during the Turkish War of Independence, Siraji played a crucial role in the Khilafat Committee of Bengal. Kazi Nazrul, his first newspaper in the Nabajog, regularly covered the battlefields of Turkey. Nazrul wrote Ranveri poem in support of the Turkish War of Independence. Similarly, Kamal Pasha poem was written by Nazrul on the conquest of Turkey. Recognizing the contribution of two Bangladeshi poets in the Turkish War of Independence, the study seeks to foster strengthen the historical foundation of Turkish-Bangladesh relations.</p> Jahidul Islam Sarker Tariquil Islam Mostafa Faisal Ayesha Akter Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 56 72 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.75 Akıt Hacı Oğulları’nın Kazakça Meali http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/74 <p>Kur’anı Keri’in Kazakça ilk meallerden birisi olan Kazakistan topraklarından Doğu Türkistan bölgesine hicret eden Akıt hacı Ülimci oğlunun kaybolup günümüze kadar ulaşılamayan mealini &nbsp;oğulları babalarinin vefatından yarım asır sonra oğulları Aziz (d.1924) ve Makaş (d.1931-2003) Akıtulu onun arzusunu yerine getirip bir meal yazarak 1990 yılında Sincanda basmıştır.</p> <p>Makalede Aziz ve Makaş Akıt oğullarının “Kuran Karim’nin Kazakşa Audarması” adlı mealinin tanıtımı işlenmiştir.</p> <p>Birinci bölimde Kazakça meallerin doğuşu ve gelişiminden söz edilmektedir.</p> <p>İkinci bölümde ise mütercimlerin hayatları ve eserlerine yer verilmektedir.</p> <p>Üçüncü ana bölümde ise “Kuran Karim’nin Kazakşa Audarması” adli mealinin tanıtımını işlemiştir. Mealin teknik özelliklerine değinerek meal’in orjinal ve kiril baskılarını karşılaştırarak bazı örnekler getirilmiştir. Aynı zamanda mealin orjinal ve kiril nüshaları arasındakı farkları dile getirerek iki baskı arasında mukayese de yapılmıştır. Belli başlıklı kavramların tercüme edilişine ve mealde’ki eksik ve yanlış tercüme edilmiş ayetleri tespit ederek örneklerle makalenin içeriğindeki zenginliğini artırmıştır.</p> <p>Makale’nin sonuç bölümünde tercüme’nin özelliklerini anlatarak meal hakkında değerlendirmelerde bulunmuştur.</p> Zhandos Aitbayev Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 73 96 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.74 The Distrust of the Islamic Republic of Iran's Regime to the United States of America and its Impact on its Foreign Policy http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/65 <p>The victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1979 and its anti-hegemonic and xenophobic aims led to a kind of mistrust and confrontation between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States. Examining the reasons for Iran's distrust of the United States, as well as the discourses of the foreign policy of the Islamic Revolution, assumes and concludes that the mental background of Iranians and Iranian revolutionaries from the interventions and domination of great powers throughout Iran's history led to an Islamic revolution. Denial of domination and alienation. Subsequently, the Islamic Republic's perception of the hostility of the current domination of the revolution through its goals and approach has led the country to base its foreign policy discourses on the goal due to distrust of US goals and its efforts to change the regime. Plan the regime's survival and focus on security issues and in two perspectives: expediency and idealism.</p> Hossein Sayahi Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 97 118 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.65 Islamic Microfinance as a Poverty Reduction Tool in Terms of Islamic Finance: An Analysis of the Islami Bank Microfinance Scheme in Bangladesh http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/61 <p>Although Microfinance is one of the essential parts of poverty reduction, however, there are so <em>‎many microfinance schemes that provided financial help under the various organization models ‎in the world. But a Muslim is not able </em>to benefit from these schemes since most of the time, <em>‎microfinance schemes are provided into a conventional microfinance system which includes the ‎‎“interest (Riba)” that is strictly prohibited for Muslims. Nevertheless, this study constitutes a ‎linkage</em> between Islamic Finance and IBBL Islamic microfinance scheme, whether it works for alleviating poverty in <em>‎Bangladesh. As it is known that Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited (IBBL) focused Shariah ‎compliance disclosure by establishing its reputation and diff</em>erentiating itself from conventional <em>‎microfinance systems. Accordingly, this article will point out how Islamic microfinance follows ‎the Islamic Shari’ah in its operation and helps clients to improve their moral and ethical values ‎through Rural Developm</em>ent Scheme (RDS), which allows the rural Muslims in Bangladesh to <em>‎involve in the Islamic microfinance schemes. Applying performance analysis techniques, this ‎article analyzes the </em>status<em> of Rural Development Schemes (RDS) offered by Islami ‎Bank B</em>angladesh Limited, Bangladesh, where the specific objectives of this study include <em>‎analyzing the allocation efficiency of RDS, and financial performance (Risk and Return ratios) ‎of RDS of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited and how it works as an alternative </em>tool for poverty <em>‎reduction through their various investment models. With this method, this article mainly argues ‎whether Islamic microfinance provides an alternative to poverty reduction. ‎</em></p> Lutfun Nahar Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 119 142 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.61 Critical analysis of the Russian-Bulgarian political relations based on Far Right Parties 2013-2018 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/71 <p>The main subject of this study is the political relations between Bulgaria and Russia, which are based on the extreme right party. In Europe, which has recently been the cradle of democracy, major political changes have begun to take place, and it has been observed that extreme right-wing parties have risen due to the economic crisis. At the same time, the rise of these far-right parties was evaluated as an opportunity by Russia to destabilize the European Union, and the fact that Russia was were already sanctioned by Europe for its bad relations with Ukraine. Since Bulgaria was a satellite of the Soviet Union, Russia has tried to establish a political relationship with that country through the far-right parties by activating its old relations. As a result, Russia has tended to stop the enlargement process of both NATO and the European Union in this way</p> Adnan Mestan Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 143 158 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.71 Status of International Students in Turkey http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/73 <p>The phenomenon of globalization has mediated the realization of transformation and change in many areas. One of the most obvious effects of globalization in the field of education, which causes dynamic transformations in economy, political theories, socio-cultural values, science and technology, is the rise of international student mobility. International students contribute to the countries they study in, both in terms of economic income and social capital. In this sense, developed countries compete fiercely to increase the number of international students studying in their own countries while developing countries try to get a larger share from this market. When the economies of the countries that are most preferred for education are examined, it is seen that these countries earn significant income from international students. This indicates that the education branch of international students should be considered and implemented as a state policy. In this study, the policies of developed countries for the education of international students are examined, and the historical process and current situation in Turkey are discussed. In addition, the current studies in the field of international students in the world were evaluated and suggestions for increasing international student mobility were included.</p> Musa Samadlı Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 159 168 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.73 Misunderstanding Jamaluddin Afghani by Muslims of South Asia: the Radical Interpretation http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/66 <p>Sayyid Jamaluddin Afghani is one of the great features of Islamic reformism, Pan Islamism, and anti-colonialism in the nineteenth century who with the great and revolutionary thoughts has overshadowed all the intellectual and political groups in the Muslim world. This revivalist of the time with numerous trips to distant lands and nearly everywhere sought to awaken Muslims and the Eastern nations to eradicate roots of the Western colonial powers. Indian sub-continent was the primary goal for Jamaluddin Afghani. In his first trip to the sub-continent and the major cities of British India, he tirelessly sought to awaken the Muslim population in that country. He had also dealings with Indian people at the time when he was living outside the sub-continent. Jamaluddin had awakened the generations of his own time and the next. Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Ubaidullah Sindhi, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Abul A’la Maududi, respectively, the prominent figures of pan Islamism, radical Islam, and Islamic modernity, in South Asia are impressed by Afghani’s thoughts. But the above-mentioned generations failed to transfer his original ideas of to the present Muslim generation of the Indian sub-continent. This paper attempts to discuss the relationship of Jamaluddin Afghani with the Indian sub-continent and the influence of his thought on the generations from the past to the present.</p> Mirwais Balkhi Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 169 188 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.66 Balance of Power in Asia in 2020s: Locating Afghanistan http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/68 <p>Balance of Power is one of the main areas of discussion among the theorists in International Relations and national security. The state as a key player plays to balance power with other states against an offensive power within an order to maintain security by reducing threads. Asia has been a good model for studying the balance of power in different sub-systems and all-around Asia. I would discuss in this paper, how the formation of alliances happens in Asia’s various regions, Asia’s trans-regional spheres, and overall, Asia. The nature &amp; significances of the Asiatic equilibrium of power, the role of the US as an outside balancer, and what we would be witnessed in the 2020s, are also at the core of this paper.</p> Mirwais Balkhi Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 189 205 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.68 The Portrayal of Women in TVC and Film: An Analysis in the Gender Perspective http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/77 <p style="text-align: justify;">Bangladesh is developing as a role model in the world by the great contribution of half of its population- the womenfolk. But recognition of their contribution in every sector including media are very negligible. Deliberately or unintentionally, the Bangladeshi media presents women as virago, petulant, subversive, subordinate, house maker, servant, etc. (Sharmeen,2011). Audio-visual media tends to use women's beauty as a symbol of sexuality in televisions and movies, as society views women in the same way. Though, audio-visual media have a vast potential to create awareness, educate people against gender discrimination and recognize women’s contribution to society. But we observed that, in Bangladeshi films, female characters usually revolve around a limited number of images; the lascivious beautiful heroine, the loving mother, the vamp, or the woman of crooked character (Haq, 2006). This article aims to understand the trend of the use of content in powerful audio-visual media like televisions and films and its gender sensitiveness. Content analysis and case study methods have been used for the analysis. The works of literature and content which are collected from primary and secondary sources are analyzed to enrich the study reflections of this paper. Based on the findings of the study this article concludes that in the social structure of Bangladesh patriarchal social system is prevalent and this dominance is observed in all spheres of society and the media is no exception.</p> Md. Aliur Rahman Rahmat Ullah Israt Jerin Md Rakib Hossain Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-04-03 2022-04-03 4 1 206 226 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.77 ‘Male Gaze’ in Bollywood Item Songs: A Study of Popular Song Munni Bodnam Hui of Dabang (2010) Movie http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/78 <p>The importance of item songs along with the excellent story is on the increase in contemporary cinemas, especially in Bollywood cinemas. In these songs, the presence of recent heroines is very much noticeable, and even many cinemas get the promotion centering on the item songs where the erotic demonstration of the female character gets more preference. In these songs, the heroine is nothing but a product to be entertained, and the males are the spectators. According to Laura Mulvey, if a woman is presented in the way ‘the spectators want to look at is identical to <em>the male gaze</em>. In this article, a famous Bollywood item song has been selected to analyze based on the&nbsp;<em>Theory of Male Gaze</em>&nbsp;by Mulvey.&nbsp;</p> Khalilullah Muhammad Bayezid Fahmida Hossain Sumaya Hasin Copyright (c) 2022 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 4 1 227 238 10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.78