CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps <p>CenRaPS Journal of Social Science is open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world.</p> en-US rahmat@cenraps.org (Rahmat Ullah) sabbirhasanju@gmail.com (Sabbir Hasan) Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Understanding China’s Relationship with Bangladesh http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/41 <p>China as an emerging global power has sought the strategy of expanding ties with many countries across the world. Bangladesh situated in a critical region has been regarded by the country as a regional partner in South Asia. Meanwhile, China’s rise has coincided with India’s growing power in the region, thus China’s relationship with countries such as Dhaka implies regional and international implications, further challenging India’s rise. Such partnership in one hand allows Bangladesh to alleviate economic difficulties, and it guarantees China’s influence and a stronger presence in South Asia to monitor India's activities. As such, by drawing upon the concepts of realism theory such as the balance of power, this study elaborates an analytical framework that presents a novel analysis of how the nature of Sino-Bangladesh partnership can be explained? In response, the authors believe that China attempts to balance the power of India and secure its national interests via developing ties with Bangladesh. Given that Bangladesh has tilted toward China these days, Beijing endeavours to enhance relations with the country to achieve its objectives. The current project becomes significant when one supposes that China’s ties with South Asian countries will not be related only to the region and China. It can have both regional and international impacts in the world affecting South Asia and, then, creating a new form of balance of power. Hence, the present research attempts to analyse the nature of Sino- Bangladesh relationship using library resources in a descriptive-analytical manner.</p> Niloufar Baghernia, Ebrahim Meraji Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/41 Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 Role of Stakeholders in Heritage Management in Bangladesh: A Case Study of Mahasthangarh http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/40 <p>The notion of stakeholders is becoming increasingly significant in heritage management activities and planning. It is commonly argued that individuals, groups, organizations, environs, societies, institutions, and even the natural environment can be potential stakeholders. However, most of the case heritage sites are impacted and concerned by particular stakeholders such as the local community, regional government, and NGOs. Every project has stakeholders who can influence or be influenced by the project in a positive or negative manner.</p> <p> Mahasthangarh and its environs are a potential heritage site of South Asia that helps understand the chronological history and cultural development of Bengal Civilization. Like many other heritage sites in Bangladesh, Mahasthangarh faces serious threats and challenges which are damaging and waning its outstanding universal value of tangible and intangible heritage. Since site managers involve potential key stakeholders to enhance the sustainable heritage management, planning, reduce the possibility of conflict, increase the stakeholders’ ownership through regular communication, raising awareness, educational activities, and building campaigns, and to augment the community’s trust in heritage management; without the effective role of stakeholders, the outcomes are precarious and can be catastrophic. The paper will demonstrate the possibilities of using the roles of stakeholders as potential tools for safeguarding and managing the heritage site by using Mahasthangarh and its environs as a case study.</p> Mohammad Mahmudul Hasan Khan Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/40 Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 Phenomenological Study of Bukidnon State University Graduate Student Scholars http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/33 <p>This study explored the lived experiences of the Bukidnon State University Graduate student scholars in the Mindanao Regions during the School Year 2014-2020. The study delved into the scholars’ experiences in the six related factors, namely: students, BukSU faculty, BukSU administration, DepEd administration, work, and family.</p> <p>A phenomenological qualitative research design was employed. Twelve graduate student scholars were the participants of the study. The triangulation approach employing interviews, focus group discussions, and document review in the gathering of data assured the validity of the findings. Participants’ narratives on their lived experiences underwent transcriptions and analysis using Colaizzi’s method (1978).</p> <p>There were six (6) themes that surfaced-out from the lived experiences of the graduate student scholars, namely: <em>Challenging yet, fulfilling Student-Learning Experiences; Satisfying Learning Experience with Well-rounded graduate faculty</em>;<em> Heart-warming learning experience with the BukSU Administration; Impressive support from the DepEd Administration; Pressured learning experience; and encouraging support system.</em> A model showcasing the meaningful experiences of the graduate scholars and the attributes of how these scholars succeed in the pursuit of a graduate degree came out from these emerging themes.</p> Lolita A. Dulay, Elvira Sumbalan Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/33 Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 Opportunities of Islamic FinTech: The Case of Bangladesh and Turkey http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/39 <p>This paper aims to study Islamic fintech operations in Bangladesh and Turkey. FinTech is now extensively used in different countries around the world. It is known to be financial products of the twenty-first century. Fintech applications are using pervasively in the different Islamic finance operating systems. Turkey and Bangladesh emphasized more in fintech after the 2008 global financial crisis. Both countries banks prioritized in their regulations and compliance with innovation. The rise of Islamic Fintech in Turkey and Bangladesh started with the main banking applications. The use of shariah-compliant Islamic fintech in both countries are increasing significantly to carry out financial transactions and processes more efficiently through technological innovations. Qualitative methods and secondary data have been used in this study. Turkey practically became a hub for Islamic financial technology in recent years considering its operational activities. Asian countries, particularly Turkey and Bangladesh are expected to show their highest growth potential for Islamic fintech in 2020. This study also attempts to unearth the possibilities of Islamic FinTech in Bangladesh and Turkey. Islamic finance based on Islamic Shariah benefited significantly by using financial technology in recent years. Bangladesh and Turkey can be a potential destination for Islamic FinTech with the help of financial technology.</p> Syed Magfur Ahmad, Abdullah Al Mamun Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/39 Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 Impacts of Zero Punishment on Student’s Behavior and Classroom Learning at Government Primary Schools http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/46 <p>The aim of this study is to identify the impacts of zero punishment on student’s behaviour and classroom learning at government primary schools. This study was conducted at city Faisalabad of Pakistan. The target population was primary school teachers in the city. The sample of 106 was selected by using online sampling calculator <em><u><a href="http://www.surveysystem.com">www.surveysystem.com</a></u></em> with confidence level 95% and interval level 8. By applying the simple random sampling technique the data were collected from the respondents through a well-developed questionnaire. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to analyses the collected data and results were discussed for the findings. The study findings reveal that zero punishment have good positive impacts on student’s behaviour and classroom learning. The result is also observed that physical punishment has negative effects on the students like as they may stop from school or may fall in depression, fear and hatred. Zero punishment treats to encourage to learning and behave polite each other in the school. So teachers should ask pupils questions with politeness in the classroom to improve student learning and should be cooperative for student. Students should be motivated to participate in classroom activities with caringly. Teachers were expected to be lenient and not intimidate students into corporal punishment.</p> Swera Latif, Md. Ramizul Islam, Sana Saeed Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/46 Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 Impact of Green Supply Chain Management on Economic and Organizational Performance of Food Industry in Sindh and Punjab http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/42 <p>The aim of this study to investigate the impact of green supply chain practices from the management decision-making level to the implementation of the food industry. We hypothesized that positive Institutional and Leadership Pressures would lead to external and internal Green Practices, which would in turn makes the organizational as well as economic Performance better. Institutional performance seems to have a positive and significant effect on external green practices, however, affect negatively to internal practices. Leadership pressure also has a negative effect on external green collaborations. Both internal and external factors also seem to have a positive and significant effect on both organizational and economic performance. As expected, economic performance seems to affect organizational performance, moreover, external Green Collaboration also affect Internal Green Practices, positively. Organizations and decision-makers of the food industry are provided with detailed insight into implementing a green supply chain, from multiple perspectives of the organization, which may help the decision-makers in formulating the strategies. It is a novel attempt to assess the organizational and economic performance of the food industry in Pakistan, using a modified version of the Ahmed &amp; Najmi model, as it shed light for the first time on how institutions and leadership can influence the performance of the food industry through green practices.</p> Muhammad Iqbal Ahmed Siddiqui, Danish Ahmed Siddiqui Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/42 Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 War Heroines of 1971 of Bangladesh: How they are Treated in our Society http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/48 <p>The aim of this paper is during&nbsp;the post war how war heroines were treated what we can do for them. In 1971 women played a very important role during the war. Bangladesh sacrificed&nbsp;a lot of things for her independent. About three million people&nbsp;were killed &amp; 4.50 lakh women were brutally raped by the Pakistani Army &amp; their collaborators. During the war, Women made history. They had sacrificed their dignity, beloved son, husband&nbsp;&amp; their life. Some of the brave women joined&nbsp;the Frontal &amp; Gruella war, some provided food, shelter &amp; medical treatment. But nowadays they were not recognized. During the post war they became remain in darkness. After the war their war didn't&nbsp;stop. They fought against their life, family even society. But father of the nation Bangabandhu acknowledged as a <em>'Bironggona'</em> (Brave women). Only two women were endowed ' <em>Bir Partik'.</em> But gradually these women didn't have any facilities what they wanted. Some faced money problem, some oppressed the man society, and some lost their fertility some died without&nbsp;proper treatment. So we should&nbsp;take initiative in our own place for them.</p> Tahmina Akter Dipu Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/48 Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 Impact of AVMs on Learning: Disadvantaged Learner Perspective in Bangladesh http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/44 <p>The art of teaching-learning in education have been changing in association with digital technologies. In recent years, formal primary schools as well as nonformal primary schools have started to conduct their teaching-learning activities by using digital materials to tap with the flow of technology enrichment. The objective of this paper was examining impact of audio visual materials (AVM) on learning of nonformal primary school learners. Quasi experimental (pre &amp; post) research design was used to conduct the study. Therefore, this study administered quantitative approach to explore the perception of students considering the impact of intervention. Purposive &amp; convenient sampling techniques have been followed in sample selection. Two groups of students of Grade IV were the sample. Students’ achievement test was used as tool. This study recognized that AVMs had significant impact on students’ learning in the context of creating motivation, testing prior knowledge, ensuring active participation in the classroom. Finally the study recommended that professional training for teachers is required for effective pedagogy with AVMs in classroom practices in nonformal primary schools in Bangladesh.</p> Shariful Islam, Md. Abdus Salam Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/44 Sat, 26 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600 Religious Nationalism and the Seek for Ontological Assurance http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/47 <p>Religious nationalism is a phenomenon that has been discussed a lot after the Iranian revolution and is still present today. The ever-changing global events and political trends keep this phenomenon dynamic. In particular, despite the triumphant perception of globalization, some social scientists believe that this phenomenon will also fail, based on the reactivity of societies, and try to explain the reactivity of society with the principle of marginalization of religions.</p> <p>Although this study is essentially a literature review that compiles the ideas and discourses of scientists who have contributed significantly to the subject within the discipline of Sociology of Religion, it also aims to examine how religious nationalism and the search for ontological assurance affect this phenomenon as the factor affecting the phenomenon of marginalization. Learning the role of these phenomena in the resistance of society to innovative events constitutes the aim of the study.</p> Bahlul Aliyev Copyright (c) 2020 CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://journal.cenraps.org/index.php/cenraps/article/view/47 Tue, 29 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0600