Critical analysis of the Russian-Bulgarian political relations based on Far Right Parties 2013-2018

Authors

  • Adnan Mestan PhD Student, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Sakarya University, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.71

Keywords:

Bulgaria, Russia, Economic Sanctions, Political Relations, Far Right Parties, ATAKA

Abstract

The main subject of this study is the political relations between Bulgaria and Russia, which are based on the extreme right party. In Europe, which has recently been the cradle of democracy, major political changes have begun to take place, and it has been observed that extreme right-wing parties have risen due to the economic crisis. At the same time, the rise of these far-right parties was evaluated as an opportunity by Russia to destabilize the European Union, and the fact that Russia was were already sanctioned by Europe for its bad relations with Ukraine. Since Bulgaria was a satellite of the Soviet Union, Russia has tried to establish a political relationship with that country through the far-right parties by activating its old relations. As a result, Russia has tended to stop the enlargement process of both NATO and the European Union in this way

References

Bechev, Dimiter. (2016). Russia’s influence in Bulgaria. Foundation New direction for European reform.

Bechev, Dimiter. (2017). Rival Power: Russia in Southeast Europe. (1 ed.). New Heaven and London: Yale University Press.

Betz, Hans G. (1994). Radical right-wing populism in Western Europe. New York: Martin’s Press

Brentin, Dario & Trošt, Tamara. (2016). Populism from Below in the Balkans. Contemporary Southeastern Europe, 3(2), 1-16.

Çiftci, Selahaddin Erturk (2017). Economic Crisis in the Balkans Rising Radical Right in the Shadow Parties: Golden Dawn and Ataka. Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 4(2), 97 - 120.

Clark, David. &Foxall, Andrew. (2014) .Russia’s Role in the Balkans – Cause for Concern. London: The Henry Jackson Society.

Chowdury, S. R. H. (2018). Humanity and security: Internal and external dynamics behind the Muslim Rohingya refugee crisis, the role of Turkey and Bangladesh. Balkan and Near Eastern Journal of Social Sciences, 4(4), 147.

Conley, Heather & Mina, James & Stefanov, Ruslan & Vladimirov, Mart’in. (2016). The Kremlin playbook; Understanding Russian Influence in Central and Eastern Europe. Center for Strategic & International studies.

Dandolov, Philip. (2017). Right-wing Populist Parties and the Mellowing Down of Euroscepticism in Eastern Europe under the Influence of Europeanization. Sociology and Anthropology, 5(2), 117-123.

Eremina, Natalia & Seredenko, Sergei. (2015). Right Radicalism in Party and Political Systems in Present day European States. (1st ed.). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Goodwin, Matthew. (2011). Right Response. Understanding and Countering Populist Extremism in Europe. London: Chatham House.

Guler, Selin (2014). Avrupada Aşırı Sağın Yükselişi: Yunanistan'da Altın Şafak Partisi Örneği. Rise of the Far Right in Europe: The Golden Dawn Party Example in Greece. Bilgesam.

Haines, John. (2016). The Suffocating Symbiosis: Russia Seeks Trojan Horses Inside Fractious Bulgaria's Political Corral. Foreign policy Research Institute.

Kitschelt, Herbert. (1997).European party systems: Continuity and change. In Rhodes, M.; Heywood, P. and Wright, V. (eds). Developments in West European Politics. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Kılıçoğlu, A. N. Y. D. G. (2018). Yumuşak Güç Ve Kamu Diplomasisi Üzerine Akademik Analizler.

Klapsis, Antonis. (2015). An Unholy Alliance. The European Far Right and Putin's Russia. Brussels: Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies.

Langenbacher, Nora and Schellenberg, Britta. (2011). Is Europe on the “Right Path”. Right-wing extremism and right-wing populism in Europe. Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.

Mudde, Cas. (2000). The Ideology of the Extreme Right. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Petsinis, Vassilis. (2014). Eurasianism and the Far Right in Central and Southeast Europe. Central and Eastern Political Review.

Polyakova, A & Shekhovtsov, A. (2016). On the Rise: Europe’s Fringe Right. World Affairs, 2(1), 70-80.

Rana, Waheeda. (2015). Theory of Complex Interdependence: A Comparative Analysis of Realist and Neoliberal Thoughts. International Journal of Business and Social Science , 6(2), 290- 296.

Rooduijn, Matthijs. 2015. The rise of the populist radical right in Western Europe. European View, 14(1), 3-11.

Stefanova, Boyka. (2009). Ethnic Nationalism, Social Structure, and Political Agency: Explaining Electoral Support for the Radical Right in Bulgaria. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 32(9), 1534-1556.

Stevkovski, Ljupcho. 2015. The rise of right- wing extremism in European Union. International studies interdisciplinary political and cultural journal, 17(1), 43–57.

Todorov, Antony. (2013). The Extreme Right Wing in Bulgaria. Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.

Vanderstoep, Scott W & Johnston, Deirdre D. (2009).Research Methods for Everyday Life: Blending Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Wiley Imprint. ISBN: 978-0-470-34353-1

Ullah, R., & Hasan, S. Policy, Politics and International Relations.

Wilson, Robin and Hainsworth, Paul. (2012). Far-right Parties and discourse in Europe: A challenge for our times. The European Network Against Racism (ENAR) in Brussels.

Online reference

Colborne, Michael. (2017). Bulgaria’s Far-Right is in Government, But Still Flaying Under the Radar. Retrieved 17 December, 2017, from https://balkanist.net/bulgarias-far-right-is-in-government-but-still-flying-under-the-radar/

Gressel, Gustav. (2017). Fellow travelers: Russia, anti-Westernism and Europe's political parties. Retrieved 17 December, 2017, from https://www.stopfake.org/en/fellow-travellers-russia-anti-westernism-and-europe-s-political-parties/

Human and social studies foundation in Sofia. (2017). Bulgaria-and-Russian-propaganda. Retrieved 17 December, 2017, from http://hssfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/SUMMARY_Bulgaria-and-Russian-propagandal_EN.pdf

Nikolov, Nikolay. (2014). What's left when you are (far) right in Bulgaria? Retrieved 17 December, 2017, from https://www.opendemocracy.net/can-europe-make-it/euro-elections-you-tell-us/nikolay-nikolov/whats-left-when-you-are-far-right-in-bulgaria-0

Novakovic, Igor. (2008). The rise of political extremism in Bulgaria- The political party ATAKA. Retrieved 17 December, 2017, from http://www.pecob.eu/rise-political-extremism-Bulgaria-political-party-Ataka

Political capital institute. (2014). Russian connection. Retrieved 17 December, 2017, from http://www.riskandforecast.com/useruploads/files/pc_flash_report_russian_connection.pdf

Rettman, Andrew. (2017). Illicit Russian money poses threat to EU democracy. Retrieved 17 December, 2017, from https://euobserver.com/foreign/137631

Tetrault-Faber, Gabrielle. (2014). Far-right-europe-has-a-crush-on-moscow. Retrieved 17 December 2017, from https://themoscowtimes.com/articles/far-right-europe-has-a-crush-on-moscow-41721

Published

2022-04-03

How to Cite

Mestan, A. (2022). Critical analysis of the Russian-Bulgarian political relations based on Far Right Parties 2013-2018. CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences, 4(1), 143-158. https://doi.org/10.46291/cenraps.v4i1.71

Issue

Section

Articles