Impact of AVMs on Learning: Disadvantaged Learner Perspective in Bangladesh


  • Shariful Islam Manager (Audio Video & Documentation), Second Chance Education Program, Bureau of Nonformal Education (BNFE), Dhaka- 1208, Bangladesh
  • Md. Abdus Salam Professor of Education, Institute of Education & Research (IER), Dhaka University, Dhaka- 1000, Bangladesh, E-mail:



AVMs, Nonformal Primary School, Students’ Perception.


The art of teaching-learning in education have been changing in association with digital technologies. In recent years, formal primary schools as well as nonformal primary schools have started to conduct their teaching-learning activities by using digital materials to tap with the flow of technology enrichment. The objective of this paper was examining impact of audio visual materials (AVM) on learning of nonformal primary school learners. Quasi experimental (pre & post) research design was used to conduct the study. Therefore, this study administered quantitative approach to explore the perception of students considering the impact of intervention. Purposive & convenient sampling techniques have been followed in sample selection. Two groups of students of Grade IV were the sample. Students’ achievement test was used as tool. This study recognized that AVMs had significant impact on students’ learning in the context of creating motivation, testing prior knowledge, ensuring active participation in the classroom. Finally the study recommended that professional training for teachers is required for effective pedagogy with AVMs in classroom practices in nonformal primary schools in Bangladesh.


Course Preparation Team (2010).Audio visual Aids.Presentation.Indira Gandhi National Open University.

Dale, E. (1969). Audio visual Methods in Teaching, 3rd ed., Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, p.108

De Sousa, L. O., & Van Eeden, E. S. (2009).Clear-cut to high-tech: History teaching and learning support material (TLSM) drawing on information and communication technology (ICT).Yesterday and Today, 4, 17-40.

De Sousa, L. O., Richter, B., &Nel, C. (2017). The effect of multimedia use on the teaching and learning of Social Sciences at tertiary level: a case study. Yesterday and Today,17,1–22. doi: 10.17159/2223-0386/2017/n17a1

Eze, E.U. (2005). Effect of Instructional Materials on the Acadmic Performance of Junior Secondary School Students in Social Studies(Unpublished PGDE Thesis). Imo State University- Nigeria.

Federick, G. R., Schweizer, H. & Lowe, R. (2006). After the in-service course: Challenges of. technology integration, Computers in the Schools, 23(1), 73-84.

Gilakjani, A.P. (2012).The significant role ofmultimedia in motivating EFL learners’ Interest in English language learning.International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science,4(4), 57–66.

Global e-Schools and Communities Strategies (2011). Strategic Plan 2009-2011: Building a Knowledge Society for All.

ICT Division, Govt. of Bangladesh (2016). Interactive Digital Content for Primary Education.

Jarosievitz, B. (2015). The impact of ICT and multimedia used to flip the classroom (Physics lectures) via smart phones and tablets. In L. J. Thomas, R. Girwidz (Eds.), Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Multimedia in Physics Teaching and Learning (pp. 357–363). Germany: LMU Munich.

Kunari, C (2006).Methods of teaching educational Technology. New Delhi.

Lui, J. (2010). An Experimental Study on the Effectiveness of Multimedia in College English Teaching.English Language Teaching, 3 (1).

Malik, S. & Agarwal, A.. (2012). Use of Multimedia as a New Educational Technology Tool–A Study. International Journal of Information and Education Technology. 468-471. 10.7763/IJIET.2012.V2.181.

Martin, K. (2009). AVMs: Collection Development Policy. Rod Library University: Northern lowa.

Metiri Group (2008). Multimodal Learning Through Media: What the Research Says. Cisco Systems, 1-14.

Mishra, S. K., &Yadav, B. (2004). Audio visual Aids &The Secondary School Teaching. Global Journal of Human-Social Science, 15, 72–94.

National Curriculum and Textbook Board, Bangladesh (2012).National Curriculum for Primary Education 2012.Dhaka- 1000.

Ministry of Education. (2014). Bangladesh National Education Policy 2010

Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology (2009). National ICT Policy. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Ottestad, G. (2010). Innovative Pedagogical Practice with ICT in Three Nordic Countries – Differences and Similarities, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 26, 478–491.

Rather, A.R. (2004). Essentials Instructional Technology. New Delhi: Darya gaj.

Save the Children Bangladesh (2016). E-Content for Class One to Five. Available:

Shah, I., & Khan, M. (2015).Impact of multimedia-aided teaching on students’ academic achievement and attitude at elementary level.AUS-China Education Review, 5(5), 349–360.

Swank, R. C. (2011).The Educational Function of University Library. USA: University of Northern Iowa.

Zheng, B., Warschauer, M., Lin, C. H., & Chang, C. (2016). Learning in one-to-one laptop environments: A meta-analysis and research synthesis. Review of Educational Research, 86(4), 1052–1084. doi: 10.3102/0034654316628645



How to Cite

Islam, S., & Salam, M. A. . (2020). Impact of AVMs on Learning: Disadvantaged Learner Perspective in Bangladesh. CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences, 2(3), 471-485.