COVID-19 Pandemic: An Islamic Analysis

Authors

  • Saeyd Rashed Hasan Chowdury Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Basic Islamic Sciences (Sufism), Graduate School of Social Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Prof. Dr. Md. Shamsul Alam Chairman, Department of Islamic Studies, Faculty of Arts, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Prof. Dr. Abu Jamal Md. Qutubul Islam Numani Department of Arabic, Faculty of Arts, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Prof. Dr. Vahit Göktaş Chairman, Department of Basic Islamic Sciences (Sufism), Graduate School of Social Sciences, Ankara University, Turkey.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/cenraps.v3i1.57

Keywords:

Covid-19, Pandemic, History of Islam, World Health Organization (WHO), Hygiene, Al Quran, and Sunnah.

Abstract

The study's purpose is to analyse the prevention of the Covid-19 Pandemic in the light of the Holy-Qur'an and Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh)’s Sunnah. Just as a Pandemic, disaster, or calamity in the world has some external causes, it also has some internal and subtle reasons. Islam considers the plague as a punishment in a natural and broad sense; simultaneously, Islam believes this epidemic to be a test and a warning for the believer. Besides, Islam thinks that dangers and calamities happen according to Almighty Allah's judgment. Islam always gives the idea of a healthy-capable human group. There are 'Kitabut Tib' or medical chapters in almost all Hadith texts regarding the importance of health and treatment. The golden branch of Islam was the development of a particular scripture called the Prophet in Tibet. If there is a Pandemic in a specific area, Islam prescribes quarantine and lockdown. Modern medical systems embraced this warning fourteen hundred years ago as the only way out. In this context, Muhammad (pbuh) said people would not enter the area affected by the pandemic. Besides, people will not go out of where the epidemic has spread [1]. The damage caused by the outbreak could have been drastically reduced if the hadith teachings had been implemented at this critical time in the Coronavirus's presence. To survive the Coronavirus, the World Health Organization (WHO) always says to stay clean. Islamic law orders a Muslim who believes that he is immaculate at every stage of his life.  The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: Cleanliness is a part of faith [2]. There are various dispositions of the Shari'a that have been prescribed as a means of attaining holiness. According to medical science's advice, Islam advises taking treatment and taking precautionary measures in a Pandemic of any disease.

 

References

A. Dawud. 1979, Hadith: 5088. Sunan Abu Dawood. Lahore: Al-Maktabah Al- Arabiah,.

Abu-Dawud. 1979, Hadith: 5029. Sunan Abu Dawood. Lahore: Al-Maktabah Al- Arabiah.

—. 1979, Hadith: 2736. Sunan Abu Dawood. Lahore: Al-Maktabah Al- Arabiah.

—. 1979, Hadith: 1554. Sunan Abu Dawood. Lahore: Al-Maktabah Al- Arabiah.

—. 1979, Hadith. 3874. Sunan Abu Dawood. Lahore: Al-Maktabah Al- Arabiah.

—. 1979, Hadith: 5088. Sunan Abu Dawood. Lahore: Al-Maktabah Al- Arabiah.

AHMED, Aziz. 1995. Hindistan’da İslam kültürü çalışmaları . Istanbul: Insan Yayınları.

Ahmed, M. 2020. Dhaka. Islamic Education to Protect Against Corona Virus. 2020 Retrieved 12 January 2021,. http://bit.ly/2NVTBIO.

Ahmed, M. 2020. Islamic Education to Protect Against Corona Virus. Dhaka: Daily Ittefaq, Dhaka: , Retrieved 12 January 2021, http://bit.ly/2NVTBIO.

Al-Bukhārī, Muḥammad ibn Ismā'īl. 1966, Hadith: 3474. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 6771. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 3474. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 5396. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 3474. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 5771. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 2177. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 3289. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 666. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 668. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 65. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 3176. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 2177. Sahih al-Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

Ali, A, Y. 2001. The Holy Quran, Text, Translation and Commentary. London: Sh.Publication.

Al-Nasa'i. 2008, Hadith:2515. Sunan an-Nasa'i, translation: Islamic Foundation. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

Al-Quran. 4-11.

Al-Qur'an. 17: 59.

—. 4: 71.

—. 26:31.

—. 33:17.

—. 30:41.

—. 7: 133.

—. 17: 101.

—. 2:243.

—. 2: 195.

—. 74: 4.

—. 9: 51.

—. 2: 222.

—. 90:14-16.

—. 2:274.

—. 5: 5-6.

—. 49: 6.

—. 4: 59.

—. 30:41.

—. 02: 155-157.

—. 2: 153.

—. 26:80.

—. 2: 153.

—. n.d. 35:45, 16:61.

Al-Tirmidhi. 2007, Hadith: 1065. Sünen-i Tirmizi. Konya: Translation: Abdullah Parlıyan, Konya Publishing House.

—. 2007, Hadith: 2517. Sünen-i Tirmizi. Konya: Translation: Abdullah Parlıyan, Konya Publishing House.

—. 2007, Hadith: 3509. Sünen-i Tirmizi. Konya: Translation: Abdullah Parlıyan, Konya Publishing House.

—. 2007, Hadith: 2038. Sünen-i Tirmizi. Konya: Translation: Abdullah Parlıyan, Konya Publishing House.

—. 2007, Hadith: 664. Sünen-i Tirmizi. Konya: Translation: Abdullah Parlıyan, Konya Publishing House.

—. 2007, Hadith: 2402. Sünen-i Tirmizi. Konya: Translation: Abdullah Parlıyan, Konya Publishing House.

—. 2007, Hadith: 3591. Sünen-i Tirmizi. Konya: Translation: Abdullah Parlıyan, Konya Publishing House.

—. 2007, Hadith: 2402. Sünen-i Tirmizi,. Konya: Konya Publishing House.

AQUIL, Raziuddin. 2009. The Muslim Question Understanding Islam and Indian History. Gurgaon: Penguin Books.

ArcGIS. 2020. "COVID-19 Dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE)." Johns Hopkins University.

ARMSTRONG, Karen. 2002. Islam a Short History . New York: Modern Libarary .

Asif, A. 2020. "Muslim faith and COVID-19: Do faith communities limit or increase the spread of the new Coronavirus." medshr. https://en.medshr.net/open/muslim-faith-islam-covid.

AVARI, Burjor. 2013. Islamic Civilization in South Asia . New York: Routledge .

Azadi, A, S. 2020. Corona Epidemic: The Direction of Islam. Retrived 12 January, 2021 . https://bit.ly/3umCh0i.

BBC. 2021. "BBC News." Coronavirus: Instructions to keep the house locked if quarantine is not observed in Bangladesh. January 18.

BBC. 2021. Corona virus: 1 to 19 million deaths a year. Dhaka: BBC News Bangla, Retrived 21 February 2021.

Berger, K. (March 12, 2020). 2021. "The Man Who Saw the Pandemic Coming, Nautilus." January 16.

Bukhārī, Muḥammad ibn Ismā'īlal. 1966, Hadith: 1968. Sahih Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 5728-30. Sahih Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 608. Sahih Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 2829. Sahih Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

—. 1966, Hadith: 2830. Sahih Bukhari. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

Campbell. 2020. "The Wuhan Pneumonia Crisis Highlights the Danger in China's Opaque Way of Doing Things." January 20. Retrieved 12 January 2021.

Chowdury, Saeyd Rashed Hasan. "Youth Leadership Crisis in 21 Centuries: Life Study On Muhammad (Pbuh); A Charismatic Leader." HARF YAYINLARI (2019).

Chowdhury, Sayed Rashed Hasan. "টেকসই উন্নয়ন: একটি ইসলামী বিশ্লেষণ| Sustainable Development: An Islamic Analysis." ইসলামী আইন ও বিচার| Islami Ain O Bichar 12, no. 47 (2016): 53-83.

CHANDRA, Satish. 2005. Medieval India From Sultanate to Mughals. New Delhi: Har Anand Publication.

Dawud, Abu. 1979. Sunan Abu Dawood. Lahore: Al-Maktabah Al- Arabiah.

E.STREUSAND, Douglas. 2011. Islamic Gunpowder Empires, Ottoman,Safavids, Mughal. Philadelphia: Westview Press.

ELIADE, Mircea. 1987. The Encyclopedia of Religion. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Encyclopedia Britannica . Chicago: William Benton.

Garbe, Richard. 1909. Akbar, Emperor of India: a picture of life and customs from the sixteenth century. Chicago: Open Court Pub. Co.

Göktaş, V, and S Chowdury. Avrasya Sosyal Ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi. The Role Of Sustainable Development Goals On Environmental Sustainability: A Discourse From An Islamic Perspective. 2019: 6 (5), 279-295.

Göktaş, V, and S. Chowdury. 2019. "The Role Of Sustainable Development Goals On Environmental Sustainability: A Discourse From An Islamic Perspective." Avrasya Sosyal Ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi 6 (5), 279-295.

Göktaş, Vahit, and Saeyd Rashed Hasan Chowdury. "FREEDOM OF RELIGION, FAITH AND RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE IN BANGLADESH: A CASE STUDY ON THE ISLAMIC MYSTICISM/Bangladeş’te Din Özürlüğü, İnanç ve Dinî Hoşgörü: İslâm Tasavvufu Üzerine Örnek Bir Araştırma." Disiplinlerarası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 5 (2019): 41-67.

H.Fisher, Michael. 2016. The Short History of The Mughal Empire. New York : IB.Tauris.

Hakim, Mustadrak Al. 2001, Hadith:524. Al-Hakim al-Nishapuri. Lahore: Idaratul Quran Publication.

HASAN, Faruque. 2013. The Realities and Myths of the Clash of Civilization. Lulu Publication.

Ibn-Majah. 2007, Hadith: 974. Sunan ibn Majah. Riyadh: Darussalam: Trans. Nasiruddin al Khattab, ed. Hafiz Abū Tahir Zubair Ali za‟i, Compiled by Imam Muhammad Bin yazeed, Vol.3, king Fahd National Library.

—. 2007, Hadith: 4019. Sunan ibn Majah. Riyadh: Darussalam: Trans. Nasiruddin al Khattab, ed. Hafiz Abū Tahir Zubair Ali za‟i, Compiled by Imam Muhammad Bin yazeed, Vol.3, king Fahd National Library.

—. 2007, Hadith: 4019. Sunan ibn Majah, Trans. Nasiruddin al Khattab, ed. Hafiz Abū Tahir Zubair Ali za‟i, Compiled by Imam Muhammad Bin yazeed, Vol.3. Riyadh: Darussalam: king Fahd National Library.

Idris El HAREIR. 2011. Spread of Islam through out the World . Pariss : UNESCO publishing .

Islam Ansiklopedisi . Eskişehir: Devlet Kitapları.

Islam Ansiklopedisi. Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Vakfı.

Kanda, K. C. 2007. Bahadur Shah Zafar and His Contemporaries. Noida : Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Kandhalvi, M, Y (. 2014, p. 582. Hayatus Sahaba. Dhaka:: Bad Comprint and Publications.

Katheer, Imam Abul Fida Ismail Ibn. 2014. Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Translated by Professor Akhtar Farooq,6th edition,. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

Lucey, D., and A. Sparrow. 14 January 2020. "China Deserves Some Credit for Its Handling of the Wuhan Pneumonia." Foreign Policy Retrieved 06 January 2021.

M. i. I. Bukhārī. 1966, Hadith: 3176. Sahih Bukhari. Dhaka:: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

Mabud, Abdul. 2004. Biography of the Companions of the Prophet. Dhaka: Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2004. Biography of the Companions of the Prophet. Dhaka: Bangladesh Islamic Center.

Malek, A. 2020. "Corona virus is not a name for unfounded fear and instability, it is an exaggeration: caution is a desirable exaggeration." Journal of Monthly Al Kausar, Y. 18, N: 04.

Malik, Imam. 2012, Hadith: 845 . Al-Muwatta, Editor: Gehan Abdel-Raouf Hibah. Lebanon: Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah-Beirut.

Masabih, Mishkatul. 2012, Hadith:1793. Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh Khatib Al-Tabrizi, Translated by A.B.M.A. Khalaque Majumder. Dhaka: Bangladesh Islamic Institute, Adhunik Pubblication.

Minhas, Q. 2020. "Analysis of Circumspections of COVID19 in the Light of Islam, ." Available at SSRN (Minhas, Q. (2020). Analysis of Circumspections of COVID19 in the Light of Islam, Available at SSRN, 3645952.).

Muslim, Imam. 2014, Hadith: 2218. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 223. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 2999. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 223. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 482. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 244. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 667. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 857. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 5. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

—. 2014, Hadith: 918. Sahih Muslim. Dhaka: Translator: Maulana Aflatun Kaiser, Bangladesh Islamic Center.

Panipathi, Kazi Sanaullah. 2010. Tafsire Mazhari, Translated by Maulana taleb Ali. Nazayangonj: Hakimabad Khanka-e-Mozaddedia.

PUNIYANI, Ram. 2009. Communal Politics Facts Versus Myths. Calicut : Pratheeksha Books .

Qutb, Sayyid. 2002. Tafseer Fi Zilal-al-Quran. Lahore: Mian Manzoor Ahmed, (trans.), vol. 9.

SAHA, Panchanan. 2007. Hindu Muslim Relation in New Perspective . Culcutta: Biswabiksha.

Shafi, Mufti Muhammad. 1976. Tafsir Ma'areful Quran, Translated by Muhiuddin Khan. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

Singh, Dr.Y P. 2016. Islam in India and Pakistan - A Religious History. New Delhi : Vij Books India Pvt Ltd.

Tabari, Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Jarir. 1993. Tafsir Tabari, translated and edited under the supervision of the Editorial Board. Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh.

Talukder, Giyas Uddin. 2020. Coronavirus prevention from an Islamic perspective. April 2. https://www.ekushey-tv.com/religion-life/news/96255, Retrieved January 23, 2021, .

Walker, J. 2020. China Traces Cornovirus To First Confirmed Case, Nearly Identifying 'Patient Zero. March 14. Retrieved 14 January 2021.

WCDR. 2020. Wuhan Coronavirus Death Rate. January 31. Retrieved January 02 2021.

WHO. 2019. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). August 02. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019, Retrieved 10 January 2021.

Wikipedia . April 09. Accessed April 09, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_India.

William J. Duiker, Jackson J. Spielvogel. 2016. The Essential World History, Volume II: Since 1500. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Published

2021-09-13

How to Cite

Chowdury, S. R. H. ., Alam, P. D. M. S. ., Numani, P. D. A. J. M. Q. I. ., & Göktaş, P. D. V. . (2021). COVID-19 Pandemic: An Islamic Analysis. CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1), 13-32. https://doi.org/10.46291/cenraps.v3i1.57

Issue

Section

Articles